The first humans on this earth lived alone. They struggled to survive because it was the ice age so everything was cold. People also struggled to survive because they lived alone. People were nomads back then so they always had to keep moving because food would run out in one place and they would have to move to a different place. The only time people ever met were for mating purposes. Their tools were not very advanced yet so they used whatever they could find. People mostly found sticks, stones, and bones. Also there were no houses so humans lived in trees, nests, and caves.
Then, men found fire. This is probably how it happened. One day, a man was walking in the forest and he saw lightning hit a tree. The man was afraid so he ran away. When he came back, the tree was in flames and the animals around it were dead. This man brought the fire back to his home and discovered some things about. He found out that fire could light his home, scare away predators, cook his food, and keep him warm. When his food was cooked, he would not be able to get food poisoning so the fire made the food healthier. Later on, people found out that you could make fire by using flint and friction.
Then, because of fire, people came together as clans and tribes, but they were still nomads. Also, men became hunters and women became gatherers/caretakers. Another big milestone in prehistory was the agricultural revolution which women found. They found this because they were gatherers. One day, a woman was out in the field and she dropped some seeds on the ground. She came back a few days later and found that the seeds had regrown into plants with fruits and vegetables on them. This was the start of the agricultural revolution. Now, women didn’t have to look everywhere to gather fruits and vegetables because they could just go to their field.
Then men invented the domestications of animals. The women didn’t invent this because they weren’t hunters like the men. One day, a group of hunters came back to their home and brought with them some live animals. They decided to put the animals in cages and feed them. This was good because the animals would breed in the cages. Then, the men could just take the animals out of the cage and slaughter them to eat and for fur.
Then people started to settle down near rivers so they could irrigate their crops, give themselves water, and to give the animals water. These were the first villages. The first four villages were Mesopotamia located near the Euphrates River and the Tigris River. The next village was Egypt located by the Nile River. The third major village was India located by the Indus River. The last village was China located by the Yellow River.
Villages had many advantages. There were a lot of people in each village so each person only had one or two jobs that they had to fulfill. Each job had its own specialist who was best at the job. There were also specialists called artisans. An artisans job was to make something look prettier and have more detail. People had more time on their hands because each person only had one or two jobs. Now, they could speculate about the universe.
This was the beginning of two things, science and religion. People that seemed to understand the universe were the first priests and leaders. If someone attacked attacked a village and the leader was not good with military, he would have to step down. Weapons improved because people had made a big discovery. They had found metal.
One day, a group of people were sitting at a fire surrounded by stones. Liquid oozed out of the stones. One of them put a stick out and let the liquid seep over it. This was bronze.We were now in the Bronze Age. Bronze was made out of tin and copper. People also discovered iron which was even stronger than bronze. There were some bad things about iron though. It was really heavy and it could rust easily.
There was a surplus of supplies so villages began trading locally and with other villages. Two things came out of this. One of them was transportation. Since it would take someone a while to get to another village, they invented wagons and sailboats. The other thing that came out of trading were number systems and writing. We needed these to keep track of how many times we had traded with someone else. A person that did this job was called a mathematician. At first, the number were just tally marks, but that became confusing so people invented picture writing. When writing was invented in one village, prehistory ended there.
That is how prehistory started and ended.