Music Theory Outline (K and 5)

Music Theory Outline

UNIT 1 – We ARE the Orchestra
1. What is an orchestra? What is a symphony?
2. What instruments are in an orchestra?
3. What are the different musical families in an orchestra?

• Basic Conducting
1. What is a Conductor? What is a Maestro?
2. What is the role of the conductor?
3. How does a conductor control dynamics?
4. How does a conductor control rhythm?
5. How do we follow a conductor?

UNIT 2 – Rhythm
1. Keeping the beat
2. Quarter, Half, Whole, Eighth, Sixteenth
3. Beats per measure
4. Counting beats aloud

• Meter
1. 4/4 Meter
2. 3/4 Meter – WALTZ
3. 2/4 Meter – MARCH

• The Grand Staff
1. How many lines are on a staff?
2. How many spaces?
3. What is a G Clef?
4. What is an F Clef?
5. What is a Grand Staff?
6. What is a measure?
7. What is a time signature?
a. What are the different time signatures

• Rests
1. What are rests used for?
2. What do rests sound like?
3. Quarter, Half, Whole Eighth, Sixteenth

• Putting it all together
1. 4/4, 3/4, 2/4 – Mixing Meters
2. Mixed Meters and Rests
3. Mixed Meter, Rests, and the Staff

UNIT 3 – Dynamics
1. Loud vs. Soft
2. Fast vs. Slow
3. Forte, Fortissimo, Piano, Pianisimmo
4. Allegro, Adagio
5. Combine rhythm and dynamics

UNIT 4 – NOTE READING
TREBLE CLEF
1. C, D, E, F, G, A, B – 7 notes (HEPTATONIC SCALE)
2. 5 Lined Notes (E, G, B, D, F)
3. 4 Space Note (F, A, C, E)
4. Notes below the scale – C, D
5. Leger lines

BASS CLEF
1. C, D, E, F, G, A, B – 7 notes (HEPTATONIC SCALE)
2. 5 Lined Notes
3. 4 Space Note
4. Notes below the scale
5. Leger lines

SCALES
1. What is a scale?
6. What tones make up a scale?
7. What is a ½ step? What is a whole step?
8. What is major? What is minor?

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